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Welcome to the world of law

Hello Everyone and welcome to our site. We know how confusing the law can seem, even something as simple as making a will can appear to be difficult, so we hope to simplify the law so that you can get the information you need when you want it. Speaking of wills, have you made one? It is quite actually quite important that you have one, even if you don’t have much or think that what you do have is not worth anything, making your wishes clear to your loved ones can make things easier for them.

The Driving License You Require To Drive A Heavy Goods Vehicle In The UK

In the UK today, there is a shortage of drivers willing to travel across the auk and Europe. In fact, the shortage in the UK alone is that of over 60,000 drivers. The job of a heavy goods vehicle Big blue  truck. Isolated over white.driver is quite interesting. The open road offers the driver a good salary, foreign travel, as well as an exciting and challenging career. Considering all these factors, it is good to consider such a career.

Heavy Goods Vehicle or HGV is actually an older term. The newer or more official term is Large Goods Vehicle or LGV in short. Most people however use the two terms interchangeably. In the UK specifically, most people in the haulage industry prefer to use the term HGV. Therefore, you the two terms should not confuse you. HGV and LGV refer to the same thing.

LGV drivers transport goods from one customer dock to the other normally all over the UK. Therefore, if your childhood dream has always been to be a lorry driver or you simply love a life on the road, then a career as a HGV will suit you just fine. Newly qualified HGV drivers have starting salaries of around £14,000 while more experienced ones have theirs at around £35,000.

Necessities for Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) Driver Training

HGV licenses for the biggest vehicles are in two main classes, C and C+E. Class C HGV is for a vehicle weighing over 7.5 tones. Class C+E allows you to drive a much bigger articulated vehicle that includes a trailer. However, to get your class C+E you must first must have had your Class C license. For either the Class C or Class C+E you must already have had your standard UK driving license. For age considerations, you must be at least 18 years of age to train for class C while for class C+E you must be at least 21 years of age.

Detailed Classification of HGVs or LGVs

As previously stated, LGV and HGV refer to the same thing. HGVs fall further into two categories.

N2 HGVs with up to a Maximum Authorised Mas (MAM) of 26,455lbs ot12,000Kgs

N3 HGVs other than those that come under the N2 category

Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) Driver License

There are four main types of Heavy Goods Vehicle driving licenses

Category C1

The Category C1 Heavy Goods Vehicle license allows the holder to drive HGVs with a Maximum Allowed Mass (MAM) of between 7,716lbs and 16,535lbs or 3,500kgs to 7,000kgs. If you are 18 years of age or above, you can obtain this license.

Category C1+E

The Category C1+E Heavy Goods Vehicle license allows the holder to drive HGVs with a Maximum Allowed Mass (MAM) of between 7,716lbs and 1,6535lbs or 3500kgs to 7000kgs along with a trailer that has a Maximum Allowed Mass (MAM) of 1,653lbs or 750kgs. It is good to note here that the Maximum Allowed Mass (MAM) of the vehicle must not exceed 26,455lb or 12,000kgs. For this license, the driver has a maximum MAM of up to 7,500kgs if below 21 and the MAM limit of 12,000kg kicks in he or she reaches 21.

Category C

The Category C Heavy Goods Vehicle license allows the driver to drive HGVs with a Maximum Allowed Mass (MAM) of more than 3,500kgs or 7,716lbs along with a trailer that has a Maximum Authorised Mass (MAM) of 750kgs or 1,653lbs. The Category C is normally issued for a period of 5 years. Afterwards, it is renewed for a further 5 years based on a positive health examination as well as a vision test. When the Category C is issued for the first time, the driver must also submit a health report as well as an ophthalmologists report to verify fitness. The Category C license is viewed as a preliminary stage for Category C+E.

Category C+E

The Category C Heavy Goods Vehicle license allows the driver to drive Class 1 trucks. The driver will be allowed to drive articulated trucks up to a maximum of 4,400kgs. The Category C+E is also issued for a period of 5 years. Later, it is renewed for a further 5 years based on a positive health report as well as a vision test. When the Category C+E is issued for the first time, the driver must also submit a health report as well as an ophthalmologists report to verify fitness. The minimum age for obtaining this license is 21 years.

Professional Heavy Goods Driver Acumen

A professional HGV driver must possess the following aptitude, knowledge, and skills:

The driving skills must be perfect and the driver must be able to stretch limits in demanding times.

The driver must be completely knowledgeable of all the regulations and must be able to apply the same to the work.

The driver must be conversant with the road markings, Highway Code, traffic signs, and any restrictions regarding Heavy Goods Vehicles.

It Is Important To Choose The Right Legal Counsel For Divorce

I’m sure most of us have heard about the divorce from hell, whether first or second hand, you know the one where it is so acrimonious that arguments rage over the smallest most trivial thing, it takes a long time to resolve, costs a small fortune and ends up leaving the entire family traumatised. Divorce is never a pleasant experience but it can be made less painful by remaining civilised and choosing the right legal counsel to help you through it. The most important point that I can make here, is to keep the lines of communication open no matter how hurt you are feeling. It is possible to get through it without losing your integrity, dignity and finances. If there are children involved it is even more important to be civilised to your former spouse and do not, I repeat, do not try to turn the children against them. This is not only divisive, it is very unfair on the children.

When looking for a lawyer, remember that they are people too and as in every walk of life, there are good ones and there are not so good ones. Try to find a solicitor who will try to find resolution rather than one who creates conflict. The ones who create conflict won’t suffer but you and your family will because of the way that they act and this is completely beyond your control. Here are some tips to help you find the right divorce solicitor:

 

Use your common sense and intuition, if it doesn’t feel right, don’t go there. Try to be observant when you visit their office and have a list of questions to ask. See how these are answered and if you like what you hear. Find out if you can have a direct phone number for them, if you have to go through their secretary, you might have difficulty reaching them. Take a look at the state of the office, is it tidy and organised or is it a dishevelled untidy mess? If the office looks well organised, you can make an assumption that the lawyer is well organised. Make sure you get a written agreement regarding rights and obligations, fees, etc. so that you are made aware of what you have to do, what you will get and how much it will cost. Be aware of the jack of all trades solicitor, they might be doing conveyancing in the morning and sorting out a traffic offence in the afternoon, this would not be a good route to take as divorce can be a very complex procedure. Having an expert who only deals in family law is essential so that you get someone who is absolutely familiar with all the nuances of divorce law. Also, find out what their average caseload is, if they have too many cases going on at the same time, mistakes could be made and attention to detail is definitely not a priority.

 

Try not to let a judge decide for you. As soon as you go to court you essentially lose all control of the process. Try to negotiate, this is why I advised at the top of the page to keep the lines of communication open. Only go to court as a last possible resort. Even if you win in court, you will probably lose more than you bargained for as regards children, property, finances and so on. Unfortunately, some cases will end up in court but this is best avoided where possible.

 

Before deciding on divorce settlement, take proper legal advice from a fully qualified and specialist divorce lawyer. Even if your divorce is amicable and both parties agree on most things, know your rights. Mediation is an excellent solution however, unless the mediator is also a solicitor, they will be unable to give you legal advice.

 

Before signing any agreement with the solicitor, find out how much it is likely to cost. Do not just sign a blank cheque for hourly billing. Try to get a fixed fee but if you can’t, make sure you get regular updates on how much is being spent. Be wary of the lawyer who tells you that they could not possibly predict how much it will cost, they will have a ballpark figure that they can share with you.

 

Set your priorities and stick with them. It is an unfortunate fact that people who are divorcing get caught up in the mire of a variety of things that cause them to lose focus. Having a sensible set of priorities that you can share with your legal counsel will help you all get through it and get the result that you want so that you can then move on with your life.

 

Divorce agreementTry to be flexible, one mistake that is commonly made by divorcing couples is that they must have this or that and no compromise is possible. There may well be things that you want but if you remain flexible and civilised, you are more likely to get them than if you are behaving like a mad grasping zealot. Be prepared to compromise and try to share possessions fairly.

 

Upon hiring a solicitor to handle your divorce, do not just hand them control and leave them to it. This is a very important time in your life and decisions made now can have repercussions that go way into the future. Use counsel that wants you to be involved and who keeps you informed of developments as they happen. Find out whether your file can be accessed on an extranet from your solicitor’s website. Many lawyers now use such technology to help their clients keep up to date and allow them control of their own destiny.

 

Educate yourself before making an initial visit. Yes, a little knowledge can be dangerous but being completely ignorant is worse. You can get some really good information freely online as well as learning about the peculiarities of divorce law in your country/state/region. Learning a few basics will help you interact with your solicitor.

Why You Should Make A Will

1. Wills Save Your Family Money

Last will and testamentAn intestacy, which  happens when someone dies without having made a Will,  could cost your estate (and  eventually your  household)  several times the legal costs which would otherwise be  sustained to obtain probate and administer a well-drafted Will. This can be particularly  essential if you pass away  all of a sudden, leaving debts or  company interests which  have to be  resolved  quickly, as executors and trustees  called in your Will are able to step in and make important decisions to  safeguard your estate.  Likewise, upon your death a  attorney will  normally be engaged to help administer your estate,  formulating the  files required for probate or letters of administration ( wherein  administrators, trustees or administrators are  licensed to deal with the assets of your estate), and  finishing all  elements of distributing and winding up the estate in due course. If there is no Will held at your lawyer’s  workplace,  extra legal steps, and relevant  expenses, are  normally required  prior to administrators can be  designated to  take care of your estate.

2. Wills  Decrease  Tension On Your Family

If you leave a Will when you  pass away, your  household quickly finds out  basically  exactly what is  offered for them. Otherwise, if there is no Will (an intestacy), or your will can not be found  rapidly, they may not feel able to plan for their future without you  till your estate is distributed. Without a Will, it might be many more months, or,  sometimes years,  prior to your estate is  lastly settled.  Throughout this time, your  household  might struggle for money, and  could even have to outlay money for legal  expenses, such as to  money an application for letters of administration ( released by the Court when there is no Will), or to oppose the claims of other prospective beneficiaries.

3. Wills  Mention to People You Cared

The  truth that you have  offered  correct  factor to consider to the  requirements of your  household and other beneficiaries is itself a comfort to those you  leave. While  recipients of your estate  will certainly expect a measure of fairness, they are almost  inevitably grateful to learn they  was very important to you in your life. Even  irritated  recipients  might be appeased by a  cautious explanation ( generally in the Will itself,  however sometimes by way of a  different document)  regarding why you reached the  choices  shown in your Will. Making a Will is also your  chance to say what you want to happen with your body or ashes, and to put in place guardianship  plans for dependent  youngsters ( depending upon the  guidelines applying in the  nation or state where the Will is signed).

4. Wills Help You Order Your Affairs

In preparing for the possibility of your death, even if it is unlikely to  take place for many years, you must take a  photo of your life as it is now – your family, your  possessions, your debts, and your  concerns. This is  typically an  unforeseen, and sobering,  advantage of the Will-making process. You may not  alter your  way of life as a result, but sometimes people in this situation  will certainly consider  methods to  produce better  results for dependents, such as by re-arranging  company affairs,  positioning  possessions into trusts, or  producing testamentary wealth through  using  insurance coverage.

5. Wills Give  Impact To Your  Objectives

It is a  typical  misunderstanding that Wills are  commonly  rescinded by the Court. In fact, relatively  couple of wills are challenged, and most estates  wind up being  dispersed exactly as the testator (the person making the Will) intended. A well-drafted Will takes into account the needs of your dependents, while also prioritizing  individuals and interests you hold most dear in your  life time. Even if your Will is challenged, the Court  has to  offer  suitable weight to your  objectives, as  revealed in your Will, before deciding the case.

6. Wills  Expense  Hardly any To Make

A lot of  attorneys charge far less for a Will than the  typical  per hour rate applying to other work they  carry out. We  advise you review your Will at least  as soon as every two or  3 years. In most cases, making a will is a  reasonably simple process: a  lawyer  meets you, takes your  guidelines, and prepares the  will certainly  record for your signature. If you are  worried about  expenses, there are  means to bring the  cost down – for example,  making use of a  diy Will kit.  Nevertheless, special care is required to  guarantee your  Will certainly is valid, and the signed document  needs to be stored securely,  generally in your  legal representative’s safe,  up until it is  needed.

Note: If your estate is substantial, Will-making  might be part of an  recurring succession and estate-planning  procedure, which  will certainly involve greater costs than those  suggested here.

In summary, by making a Will you have the opportunity to  analyze your life and  concerns, and  interact your  objectives to those you  appreciate. When there is no will, an intestacy  will certainly result,  triggering uncertainty and  additional cost. Making a Will is a  basic and inexpensive process for most people.